Beijing Chaoyang railway station

Railway station in Beijing
39°56′50″N 116°30′29″E / 39.94722°N 116.50806°E / 39.94722; 116.50806Line(s)
Platforms1 side platform, 6 island platformsConstructionStructure typein level, elevatedOther informationStation code
  • 11389 (TMIS code)
  • IFP (telegram code)
  • BJY (pinyin code)
Classification2nd class stationHistoryOpened1968 (Old Railway Station)
22 January 2021[3] (New Railway Station)
2023[2] (Line 3 of Beijing Subway)Services
Preceding station China Railway High-speed China Railway High-speed Following station
Terminus Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway Shunyi West
towards Shenyang
Preceding station China Railways.svg China Railway Following station
Beijing East Beijing–Baotou railway Wangjing
towards Baotou
Location
Beijing Chaoyang is located in Beijing
Beijing Chaoyang
Beijing Chaoyang
Location in central Beijing

Beijing Chaoyang railway station[1] (Chinese: 北京朝阳站; pinyin: Běijīng Cháoyáng Zhàn), formerly known as Xinghuo railway station (Chinese: 星火站; pinyin: Xīnghuǒ Zhàn), is a railway station in Chaoyang District, Beijing. This station is the main terminus of the Beijing–Harbin high-speed railway, and one of eight main passenger-service stations of the Beijing railway hub.

History

Station construction began in 1966 with the proposed name of Xinzhuang railway station, named after the nearby village. However, there had been a station with the same name in Tianjin. When the station opened in 1968, it was named Xinghuo railway station, after the Xinghuo People's commune[4] (Chinese: 星火人民公社) (now Liulitun Subdistrict), and the Xinghuo People's commune is named after a famous article written by Mao Zedong, A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire[5] (Chinese: 星星之火,可以燎原).

Xinghuo railway station had been a passenger-service station for through trains on the Beijing–Baotou railway (Shuangqiao-Shahe railway), but all passenger services were canceled in 1996 with the speed-up projects. It has been an industrial freight station linking factories including a granary, a cotton depot, a thermal power plant, and the China National Railway Track Test Center (famous for the loop track).[6]

In 2013, Xinghuo railway station was confirmed as the largest terminus of the planned Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway and renovations began in 2017.[6] During the 2020 Two Sessions, CPPCC member Pi Jianlong advised that the station name should be changed to Beijing Chaoyang railway station for the Chaoyang District in Beijing. Investigated and surveyed by the related ministries and commanded by the Premier, the station formally changed its name to Beijing Chaoyang railway station[7] in June 2020, and the former Chaoyang railway station in Liaoning Province changed its name to Liaoning Chaoyang railway station.

  • Former Xinghuo railway station hall (2018)

    Former Xinghuo railway station hall (2018)

  • Former basic platform of Xinghuo railway station (2018)

    Former basic platform of Xinghuo railway station (2018)

  • Former station yard and sidings of Xinghuo railway station (2015)

    Former station yard and sidings of Xinghuo railway station (2015)

  • A test train running on the National Railway Track Test Center's loop track

    A test train running on the National Railway Track Test Center's loop track

  • A test train stopped in the NRTTC. All new train models need to be examined in the NRTTC at Beijing Chaoyang railway station.

    A test train stopped in the NRTTC. All new train models need to be examined in the NRTTC at Beijing Chaoyang railway station.

Renovation

The Beijing Chaoyang railway station has seven platforms and 15 lines (excluding two freight lines outside the station building) for a building area of 183,000 square metres (1,970,000 sq ft) after renovation. The station is collaborated designed by AREP and China Railway Design Corporation since 2016.[8] The construction began in 2018 by China Railway 6th Bureau Group and China Railway Construction Engineering Group, and capped on 30 May 2020 and finished decoration in the end of 2020.

The new station began operation on 22 January 2021.[3]

  • Construction site in 2019

    Construction site in 2019

  • Construction site in 2019

    Construction site in 2019

  • Construction site in the early 2020

    Construction site in the early 2020

  • The station under decoration in 2020

    The station under decoration in 2020

Design and Structure

Beijing Chaoyang station building can be divided into the central part and the west part, in which the central part covers 110,000 square meters, and the west part covers 70,000 square meters. The architectural design theme shows the vitality of the city, satisfying the general requirements of becoming an integrated, green, warm, economic, and convenient transportation hub. The outside facade is a three-segment shape that blends traditional culture and modernity. The glass curtain wall on the north side of the building not only broadens the view and for day lighting, but also hints at the direction of Shenyang, the other end of the line.[8] The upper roof image is derived from the roofs of the ancient Forbidden City.

  • West lobby

    West lobby

  • Waiting hall

    Waiting hall

Beijing Subway

Subway station and the west public transport hub under construction in September 2021

The under-construction Line 3 of Beijing Subway will serve the railway station in late 2023.[2] in long-term planning, Line 20 will also serve this station.

References

  1. ^ a b "京沈高铁始发站星火站正式更名为"北京朝阳站"".
  2. ^ a b c "北京朝阳站交通枢纽全面开工 高铁、地铁、公交可集中换乘 确保2023年底完工". 2021-10-18.
  3. ^ a b "京沈高铁将全线开通!北京至沈阳缩短至2.5小时". 2021-01-20.
  4. ^ 刘春瑞 (2013-08-03). "47岁的星火站". bjnews.com.cn. 源于车站当时所在的星火人民公社。后来星火公社改回六里屯乡,车站仍保留了这个名字
  5. ^ "A SINGLE SPARK CAN START A PRAIRIE FIRE". www.marxists.org. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  6. ^ a b Beijing railway group. "The story of the station from Xinghuo to Beijing Chaoyang". The Paper CN (in Chinese). Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  7. ^ "The future Beijing Chaoyang railway station". Weixin Official Accounts Platform (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2021-12-04. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  8. ^ a b "Beijing Xinghuo station| AREP Projects". www.archina.com (in Chinese and English). Retrieved 2021-02-10.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beijing Chaoyang Railway Station.
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