- 19 January 1950 (as ministry)
- 14 March 2013 (as company)
Yang Yudong (General Manager)
|China State Railway Group Co.,Ltd.|
|Literal meaning||China State Railway Group Limited Company|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||State Railway Group|
China Railway operates passenger and freight transport throughout China with 18 regional subsidiaries. By September 2022, the total assets of China Railway Group are CNY 9.06 trillion (USD 1.24 trillion).
Under the Chinese Corporate Law, China Railway Corporation was reorganized into China State Railway Group Co., Ltd. on June 18, 2019, instead of Industrial Enterprises Owned by the Whole People. This meant the Ministry of Finance would act as an investor on behalf of the state and the company would be led by a board and managed by board-chosen executives.
The China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese: 陈玉昶) (1912–1969), officially adopted on 22 January 1950. The whole logo represents the front of a locomotive. The upper part of the logo represents the Chinese character 人 (people), while the lower part represents the transversal surface of a rail. The logo means that China's railway belongs to the people. The lower part represents the character 工 (labour), means that China's railway belongs to the working class.
The "CR" logo is used on the Fuxing (train) along with the China Railway logo.
There are 21 primary subsidiary companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately two million people work in China Railway.
|Business||Company||Provinces of operation||Regions of operation|
|Passenger||China Railway Harbin Group Company |
|Northeastern Inner Mongolia (Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang||Northeast China|
|China Railway Shenyang Group Company |
|Liaoning, Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia (Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League), southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei|
|China Railway Beijing Group Company |
|Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, western Shandong, northern Henan, eastern Shanxi||North China|
|China Railway Hohhot Group Company |
|China Railway Taiyuan Group Company |
|China Railway Jinan Group Company |
|China Railway Shanghai Group Company |
|Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang|
|China Railway Nanchang Group Company |
|Jiangxi, Fujian, parts of Hubei and Hunan|
|China Railway Guangzhou Group Company |
|Guangdong, Hunan, Hainan||South China|
|China Railway Nanning Group Company |
|Guangxi, western Guangdong|
|China Railway Wuhan Group Company |
|Hubei, southern Henan||Central China|
|China Railway Zhengzhou Group Company |
|China Railway Chengdu Group Company |
|Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, parts of Yunnan and Hubei||Southwest China|
|China Railway Kunming Group Company |
|Yunnan, parts of Sichuan and Guizhou|
|China Railway Qingzang Group Company |
|China Railway Lanzhou Group Company |
|Gansu, Ningxia, parts of Inner Mongolia|
|China Railway Ürümqi Group Company |
|Xinjiang, parts of Gansu|
|China Railway Xi'an Group Company |
|Shaanxi, northeast Sichuan|
|Freight||China Railway Special Cargo Service Company |
|China Railway Express Company|
|China Railway Container Transport Company|
Second tier subsidiaries
|CR Guangzhou||Guangshen Railway Company||Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway|
|Guangmeishan Railway Company||Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway|
|Sanmao Company||Sanshui–Maoming railway|
|Shichang Railway Company||Shimen–Changsha railway|
|Yuehai Railway Company||Guangdong–Hainan railway|
|CR Kunming||Shuibai Railway Company||Liupanshui–Baiguo railway|
|CR Nanchang||Wuyishan Railway Company||Hengfeng–Nanping railway|
|Quanzhou Railway Company||Zhangping–Longyan–Kanshi railway|
|Longyan Railway Company||Zhangping–Quanzhou–Xiaocuo railway|
|Xiamen Haicang Railway Company||Haicang branch railway|
|CR Shanghai||Xiaoyong Railway Company||Xiaoshan–Ningbo railway|
|Hejiu Railway Company||Hefei–Jiujiang railway|
|Xinchang Railway Company||Xinyi–Changxing railway|
|Jinwen Railway Company||Jinhua–Wenzhou railway|
|Ningqi Railway Company||Nanjing–Qidong railway|
|Ninghe Railway Company||Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway|
|Hewu Railway Company||Hefei–Wuhan railway|
|CR Taiyuan||Daqin Railway Company||Datong–Qinhuangdao railway|
|CR Wuhan||Huhanrong Railway Hubei Company||Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway (Hubei section)|
|Luofu Railway Company||Luohe–Fuyang railway|
|CR Xi'an||Xiyan Railway Company||Xi'an–Yan'an railway|
|CR Zhengzhou||Anli Branch Line Company||Anyang–Lizhen railway|
|Tanghe Branch Line Company||Tangyin–Hebi railway|
China Railway operates passenger trains from China to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, and Vietnam. Also operates freight (cargo) trains to these countries plus Laos. Currently all international passenger trains are suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Asia.
Before COVID break outs, there were 11 international passenger train services:
- 95/8, Dandong–Pyongyang
- 401/2, Suifenhe–Grodekovo
- K3/4, Beijing–Ulaanbaatar–Moscow
- K19/20, Beijing–(Manzhouli)–Moscow
- K23/4, Beijing–Ulaanbaatar
- K27/8, Beijing–Pyongyang
- K4651/2/3/4, Hohhot–Ulaanbaatar
- K9795/6, Ürümqi–Almaty
- K9797/8, Ürümqi–Nur-Sultan
- Z5/6–T8701/2, Beijing West–Nanning (transfer station)–Gia Lâm (Hanoi)
Services to Europe (New Silk Route)
As of 2017[update] China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand. The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km (7,500 mi) route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the Belt and Road Initiative. Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.
List of directors general
- Sheng Guangzu (2013–2016)
- Lu Dongfu (2016–2018)
- Yang Yudong (2018–)
- Rail transport in China
- List of locomotives in China
- China Railway High-speed
- Passenger rail transport in China
- High-speed rail in China
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- ^ 路徽的来历.
- ^ 天津站的复兴号CR400AF标准动车组.
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- ^ Jin, Haixing (31 March 2015). "China's Xi Finds Eight Good Reasons to Host Uganda's President". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- ^ "Museveni Signs Deal With Chinese Company To Construct Kasese Railway Line". Daily Monitor (Kampala). 30 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- (in English) The official ticketing website for China Railway－12306.cn
- (in English) China Railway Corporation official website